Posts Tagged ‘Forex’

Christopher Weaver ‘4 Keys to Profitable Forex Trend Trading’ interview

Wednesday, February 8th, 2012

Forex trader Christopher Weaver talks about his new book ‘4 Keys to Profitable Forex Trend Trading’ with Trading Diary.

1. Who are you?

Christopher Weaver: forex trader and authorI have been around the trading scene for a while. Having never really worked for any large financial institutions, the majority of my trading has been private accounts. I spent a few years writing and delivering trading courses in London for a company that teaches and trains private retails clients how to trade the financial markets. I actually really enjoyed that experience although I haven’t done it for over a year now. I spend a lot of my time now in front of the trading screens and writing books with Harriman House which I really enjoy.

2. What is your new book ‘4 Keys to Profitable Forex Trend Trading’ about?

It’s about learning how to identify solid trends and then trade them profitably. It’s a very practical book and it has over 200 images of charts in it. I felt that it was important to have almost an overload of charts simply because technical analysis is a very “visual” experience. This book helps train the readers mind to instantly identify trading opportunities. It helps the trader develop an instinct for trend trading.

3. Why did you write this book?

I wanted to write a book that had definite and clear trading strategies laid out for the reader. I find a lot of books on Forex trading seem to shy away from doing this and it doesn’t make sense to me. People who read books on trading are normally looking for practical tools that they can apply and implement immediately. In this book “The 4 Keys to Profitable Forex Trend Trading” there are 8 different trend trading strategies that define the entry and exits specifically.

4. Who is your book aimed at?

The book is aimed at individuals who have a basic understanding of trading, for instance they know how to place a trade and understand the basics of a chart, and who want to focus their trading very specifically on trading with the trend and increase their profitability.

5. What in particular interests you about forex rather than other derivatives?

I have always loved the idea that the forex market is a market that is “made of money”. Plus, it is very liquid, and as far as I am concerned, liquidity is always a good thing. I also believe that the forex market provides opportunity for so many different types of trader. It doesn’t matter if you have a short, medium or long term trading style, there is normally something for you to trade.

6. Do you just use technical analysis for your forex trading or do you look at the fundamentals as well?

I believe that it is possible to trade successfully by using only technical analysis. I also believe that by introducing a small amount of fundamental analysis the trader can improve his results dramatically. The non-farm payroll figure that is released monthly in the U.S. is for me, a key fundamental piece of information that I focus on. If the figure is consistent with the current trend of the time frame that I am trading, I see that as an opportunity to potentially enter the market. If it is inconsistent with the trend of the chart that I am analyzing I tend to stay out of the market completely.

7. I often find that by the time I start trading on a trend, the trend is nearly over and reverses. What can I do to identify the trend earlier?

Yes, this is key. Traders, like to “see the trend” before they “trade the trend”. As you say however, by this time it may be too late as the price action is likely to be overextended and ready for a pullback. A basic way that I define a trend is by looking at the relationship of the 50 EMA to the 200 EMA. If the 50 EMA is above the 200 EMA, the trend is up, and if the 50 EMA is below the 200 EMA, the trend is down. The only problem with this is that once the cross of the moving averages takes place there is normally a pull back against the trend which happens. So, if the 50 EMA crosses down through the 200 EMA, I will wait for the price action to come back and test the 50 EMA before I start shorting and vice versa. This is just a general rule. In my book, there are a number of other techniques which I talk about that assist on determining the trend and also the timing of the entry.

8. You have spent extensive time trading forex. Do you have any particularly memorable trades (either good or bad!)?

It’s funny but the first thing that comes to mind is actually a trade that never happened. I got up early one morning at about 5am, which is little bit earlier than normal, because I wanted to see how the USD/CHF had traded overnight. I had been watching this pair closely as it was trending rather strongly and I didn’t want to miss any opportunities. As soon, as I opened my screens up I saw the setup I had been looking for, which was a bounce off of the intraday pivot level. So, I set a sell limit order directly at the price of the pivot. If the price action traded up to the pivot I would be triggered into a short position automatically. I was very excited about this trade as my target was four times that of my risk and so I was hoping this would work out as planned. After I placed my order I turned off my computer and started to get ready for a meeting that I had in London. 2 hours later on the train to London, I checked the price of the USD/CHF and it had already hit my target! The only problem was that the price action never made it up to my entry price – it missed it by one pip! I was therefore never filled on the trade and missed a perfect 4:1 reward to risk trade by just 1 pip. I was certainly disappointed to say the least.

James Sharpe ‘Foreign Exchange: The Complete Deal’ interview

Thursday, January 19th, 2012

James Sharpe has written a new book “Foreign Exchange: The Complete Deal,
A comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of the Forex market”. He talks to Trading Diary about the book and forex trading.

1. Who are you?

Foreign Exchange: The Complete Deal by James SharpeI have been involved in the financial markets since the late 1970s and since this time I have worked for five institutions that have spanned the globe. I have worked in the US and the Middle East where I was responsible for the region and Interbank/Central bank relationships. I have combined the positions of trader and foreign exchange sales but it is in the latter area that I have focused and where I have run a number of desks. I have dealt with practically every corporate sector, including central banks, multinationals and funds and most recently high net worth individuals.

2. What is your new book ‘Foreign Exchange: The Complete Deal’ about?

The book is about providing a clear and thorough explanation of the world of foreign exchange from a practical and theoretical point of view. I have also addressed the policy implications for governments as the management of exchange rates has become integral to economic performance and to the political landscape.

3. Why did you write this book?

I wrote this book on foreign exchange to shed light on a topic which is often sidelined and misunderstood and which also has a profound influence on our lives. I also wished to show that managing foreign exchange exposures is relatively simple once the associated jargon has been overcome. After reading this book the reader will have a good idea what moves the FX market and how to manage FX exposures.

I also wished to show to the general reader that the choice of exchange rate system is extremely important as it determines the process and impact of any economic adjustment. This point has become starkly in focus over the past year.

4. What are some of the pieces of advice that you offer in this book?

If you are thinking of trading make an honest assessment of yourself. Do you have the emotional inclination and resolve to trade? It is important to recognise that the subject matter is not simple; a great deal of expertise is required and it is mentally wearing and time consuming. Not many people actually make money.

For companies and fund managers currency exposure needs to be identified and managed.

5. You have 30 years of FX experience. Have the skill and techniques needed to be successful changed much over the years?

There have been enormous changes in the industry over the past 30 years. I joined with a degree in Economics and a Master of Finance, very rare at the time. Technology has made a huge impact as has the reduction in number of banks actually trading. The quality of traders has gradually improved although a lot of trading now is actually computer driven. That being said I believe the skills and techniques which I outline in the book are still as valid then as now.

6. Many people are reluctant to try FX due to its high volatility. Should they be worried about this?

Volatility is what makes FX so attractive for trading. You cannot trade door numbers.

7. What mistakes cause most people to lose money when trying FX?

It is not always a case of simple lack of ability. A great deal of trading can be learnt and in the book I devote some time on this in a ‘blueprint for trading’. There is though no guarantee for success. The major weakness of poor traders is lack of discipline, an inclination to wishful thinking and for private clients in particular, not devoting enough time to the task at hand.

8. Which currency pairs would you recommend for beginners?

I think beginners should choose liquid currencies and if possible those that they have some connection to. For UK clients GBP/USD, GBP/EUR and EUR/USD would be good starting points.

9. What other authors do you admire?

I admire J K Galbraith for the way he brings economics alive and Sir Roy Harrod and F Hayek for their quiet brilliance.

Andrei Knight ‘Trading Forex for a Living’ interview

Friday, September 24th, 2010

Andrei KnightAndrei Knight is a highly sought after speaker and coach for professional traders and individual investors alike. His first book will be called ‘Trading Forex for a Living: A Practical Guide to Achieving Financial Independence with the Foreign Currency Markets’. He is interviewed here for

1. How would you describe your job?

My primary focus is on earning the best returns I can for my investment clients, while carefully monitoring risk exposure, and increasingly I’ve devoted more and more time and energy to helping other traders succeed through the Knight Trading Academy and

2. What made you decide to write a book?

One of the most frequently-asked questions from visitors to our website is “Can you recommend a good book for me to start out with?” I often catch myself recommending two or three titles, as I cannot think of one which is really ‘complete’. So I set out to write the book I wish I had when I was starting out, one which arms traders with all the tools needed to succeed in the markets. The very same strategies I use to manage my clients’ funds.

3. There are loads of forex trading books out there. What makes yours different?

So many books focus on theory and leave out specific strategies, while others present ‘systems’ which are mostly rules for entries and exits, with minimal mention of money management. I lay this business of forex bare, pointing out the pitfalls to avoid, and help readers create a solid plan for leaving their jobs and transitioning to trading full-time. “Trading Forex for a Living” features not only more than 100 charts and trading examples, but also detailed coverage of the ‘for a living’ part, including topics such as psychology, setting up a home office, trading other people’s money as a business, and balancing work time with family.

4. Your book jacket says that 95% of traders lose. What percentage of people who read your book do you think can be winning traders?

I’ve trained hundreds of traders over the years, and can think of perhaps three or four former Pro members who gave up and went back to their old jobs. In almost every case they left us in favor of jumping into live trading after only a month or two of training and practice, thinking they knew everything. I think anyone can succeed at this if they put their mind to it, devote the time to learn, and the effort to practice.

5. What will your book teach the reader?

How to be a consistent, confident trader. Consistency is the cement which holds everything else we’ve discussed to this point together. It will also show them how to supplement their income with trading, make a full-living as a trader, or even start a business and trade for others.

6. What are the typical trading mistakes that you see people making?

Not sticking to their system and trading plan, and losing all faith in themselves and their analysis the moment the markets tick a bit against them. The cure for this is to do more long-term, scenario-based analysis, and to resist the temptation to jump into or out of trades mid-candle. People don’t realize it, but if you don’t wait for the candle to close it can still change back and forth – so this is like having NO system at all!

7. How did you first get interested in trading?

My father traded the stock markets here and there, and he once told me that if I wished to understand anything which happened in the world I only needed to “follow the dollar”. I am someone who loves keeping up on news and current events, and trading provides me with a way to act on my opinions of what I see happening around me. If the world is indeed a stage as Shakespeare once said, then following the financial markets is like having a front row seat. You know you’re on to something when you catch yourself a bit sad as things begin to wind down on a Friday afternoon, and actually looking forward to the following Monday.

8. What did you have to go through before you realized that you were good enough to be able to give other people advice on trading?

I was more or less pushed into it, and felt far from ready when I first started. People kept asking for help and advice, and so I shared what did and didn’t work for me. Hearing about other people’s success then served to encourage me, and as more and more people used the system and added their experience and feedback, its evolution naturally speeded up. What we have today is the result of more than six years of testing and tuning.

9. Are you still an active trader? Are you placing trades using your own money?

I invest in the fund that I manage, so whenever I make a trading decision with my clients’ money my own is on the line as well. We also employ ‘high watermark’ accounting, so if we ever have a losing month, we don’t consider money earned to return back to break-even as a gain for calculating commission. We only get paid when we make money for our clients.

10. Do you think that that trading automation is making it harder for individual traders?

Only in the sense that it gives them false hope. I’ve seen a bank that I was working for invest $2B in a system to help them calculate and manage risk exposure in real-time; it did not place trades on its own. Banks haven’t fired their human traders. Yet people still believe that a $99 piece of software is going to be the answer to all their problems. Software can help automate some trading tasks, but let any robot run long enough unattended and it will eventually empty your account.

11. What Japanese martial arts were you studying? How did studying them help you in the financial markets?

Bujinkan Taijutsu. The main thing it taught me is patience. Let the opponent show you their intention. Miyamoto Mushasi, perhaps the greatest swordsman in Japanese history, once said, “he who moves first often loses”. Another really useful skill is flexibility – not being trapped in a single, rigid line of thinking but being open to clues from the environment around you and being able to adapt your strategy as required.

Trading Forex for a Living is being published by Harriman House and will be released during January 2011. For more about Andrei Knight you can visit his website at

Compounding forex winnings to get rich

Sunday, March 28th, 2010

Many people see forex as a way of getting rich fast. One of the ways they hope to get rich fast is by compounding their winnings. This means they will place a trade, win, and then increase the size of their next bet, using the winnings from the previous bet.

This can seem like a great way to make loads of money. After all if your strategy allows you to win an average of £10 with every £100 bet, you should be able to win £20 with each £200 bet. Right?

Let’s go with this assumption for now and have a look at what happens if you compound your winnings.

First of all what is a reasonable amount of money to start with? Let say 1000 units of your currency. This could be 1000 Pounds, 1000 Dollars, 1000 Euros, it doesn’t matter the result is the same.

If you have £1000 to start with then let’s say you are able to increase your capital by 1% per day. That would mean turning £1000 into £1010 on the first day. How hard could that be? You have a whole day and you only have to make £10. On the next day we’d place bets using our £1010 and we should be able to turn it into £1020.40.

It doesn’t sound difficult does it? Of course some days may be better than others but for the purposes of our experiment we are assuming an average of 1% per day increase in capital.

Compounding your way to a million

How long would it take to make £1,000,000 (one million) using 1% compounding?

After day 232 you would already have made £100,000 (one hundred thousand), and by day 695 you would have your million. Here’s a graph to show the effect of compounding up to one million.

one percent compound interest graph

Maybe you think 1% is too much or too little for your strategy. Here’s another graph which shows compounding with 0.5%, 1% and 2%.

compound interest graphs

With a strategy that compounds your winnings by 2% each day you will be a millionaire in 232 days. That is achievable in less than a year, just working 5 days per week!

At 0.5% you will have to wait 1386 days to make your first million, but if you average the million over the 1386 days that works out at 721 Pounds/Euros/Dollars per day. Not bad going!

Can I become a billionaire with compounding?

So far I’ve just looked at compounding up to a million. But what if we kept on compounding for longer? How long would it take to make 10 million, 100 million, a billion, or even more? Here’s a graph that uses 1% compounding for a much longer period of time.

becoming a billionaire with compound interest

Remember at 1% it takes 695 days to make a million. Getting to 10 million will only take you another 231 days (926 in total).

You will have made 100 million by day 1158, and by day 1389 you will be a billionaire! If we assume you work 6 days per week (you can’t really do 7 days a week with forex) you will be a billionaire in 4 and a half years!

Let’s not stop there. At day 1620 you will have 10 billion, and by day 1782 you will have 50 billion. Whether you are betting in Euros, Dollars or Pounds you should now be the richest person in the world by this point.

It all sounds so easy.

Back to reality

It can be fun to think about compounding winnings in this way, but now it is time to go back to reality.

It is just not possible to keep compounding like this. You can probably do it for a few weeks but then you will run into trouble.

If it was this easy don’t you think the rich lists of the world would be full of forex traders who are compounding their winnings in this way? As the rich lists aren’t full of these people there must be something that prevents it from being this simple.

As the stakes get higher you will suffer more from emotions as you realise you are playing for much bigger stakes. You are likely to make mistakes, or modify your strategy in a way that makes you less likely to win.

Even if stay as cool as a Vulcan you will run into other problems. When the bets reach a certain level your broker will begin to notice. They may start referring you to the dealer rather than taking your bets direct. This can cause you difficulty with making or closing your bets at the price you want. This will reduce your profit, and maybe turn your winning trades into losers.

If your bets get even larger (and assuming your broker can handle it) you will get the attention of the markets. Your bets will begin to influence the forex market, meaning your strategy will further break down.

When your trade sizes are larger than normal trading volumes the spread will widen as you won’t be able to easily find buyers or sellers for your whole trade size. The spread has to widen in order for you to get enough buyers or sellers to take your huge trades.

This widening spread will again affect your strategy and in all likelihood will turn a winning strategy into a losing one.

As the stakes get higher your chance of making a fatal mistake increase. You only need one big mistake to take your account back down to zero. If you are hoping to win day after day for hundreds of days you are almost certain to be disappointed.

It is good to know about the effect of compounding, but don’t get carried away. You can’t keep compounding your winnings forever.

Forex New Year’s resolutions for 2010

Thursday, December 24th, 2009

1. Write down my plan for each trade before pressing the buy/sell button. The plan will include the reason for why I am doing the trade, the expected profit, the initial stop loss and the expected duration of the trade.

2. Double-check the order quantity before executing the trade. It is too easy to lose money by buying or selling the wrong amount of currency.

3. Ensure that all trades have an explicit stop loss added to them.

4. Spend more time working on my expert advisor framework in MetaTrader MQL4.

5. Contribute more to the forums at Trade2Win and babypips.

6. Spend less time reading trivial financial news – it does not help! But be more aware of major currency related announcements.

7. Read more quality trading books and review them here.

8. Add more content to this blog – Will be adding more posts about writing expert advisors using MetaTrader MQL4, more on risk management, and more general trading advice.

Do you have any forex New Year’s resolutions? If you do, let me know by using the comment box below.

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

The Expert Advisor advantage

Monday, December 21st, 2009

For most people trading in forex is a very manual process. It involves watching charts, indicators, and the news. They then have to work out in their head whether it is a good time to buy or sell.

For some strategies this makes a lot of sense. For example if you trade based on news events then you need to be there to interpret how the news will affect the price. This is fundamental analysis.

Many forex trading strategies rely on much simpler decisions. If you are basing your trading decisions on the shape of the chart, or on the values of your indicators then you are using technical analysis.

Many technical analysis strategies work by making decisions purely on indicators or price.

For example a strategy might be to buy if the price moves above a certain moving average line and sell if the price falls below the line.
Another strategy might involve buying or selling based on one or more technical indicators such as MACD, parabolic SAR, or RSI.

If your strategy is based on simple rules such as certain technical indicator values being reached then you may find that your trading is very robotic. You wait for a specified event to happen and then you act on it in a predefined way.

If you have a strategy that sounds like this then it could be a very good candidate for automating – i.e. creating an expert advisor to do the trading for you so you don’t have to do it yourself.

metatrader mql4

Expert advisor code in MetaTrader

This post will look at the advantages of expert advisors.

Expert advisors don’t get tired

If you are trading manually then the amount of time you can spend trading will be limited by how long you can concentrate or stay awake.

Forex is a 24 hour game with trading opportunities right around the clock. If you are trading manually then you are limiting yourself to only taking advantage of a fraction of these opportunities.

Throughout the day you will also need to take breaks for food, drink, to answer the telephone, etc. During one of these breaks something might happen which you don’t see until it is too late. This could cause you to buy or sell at a bad time, or miss out on a great trade altogether.

An expert advisor will be able to trade for you right through the night, through your lunch break, and when you are out of the house. It will never get tired and so will be able to capture all the trading opportunities that it is programmed to capture.

Of course if the expert advisor is doing your trading for you, then you will have more free time to do more important things like reading a book, or seeing your friends. Who wants to spend their life staring at a moving line on a screen, or watching numbers going up and down?


A lot of people have sound trading strategies but they fail to stick to them. You may find that your emotions get in the way and cause you to sell too early, or buy too late, because you don’t have the confidence to stick to your trading plan.

It is also possible for you to get stressed when trading which could lead to you making mistakes in your trading. How many of us have sold when we meant to buy, or entered the wrong amount into our trading ticket and then had to accept a loss in order to get out of the trade?

Once it is correctly programmed an expert advisor will have no such problems. It will follow your simple set of rules (or maybe a complicated set of rules!) without ever hesitating or letting its emotions cloud its judgement. Obviously an expert advisor is just a computer program so it will just do what it is told to.

This consistency means that it will stick perfectly to your trading plan and will never diverge from the rules that it has been given. The expert advisor won’t make mistakes – if it is supposed to buy then it will buy – it won’t press the wrong button and sell!

Speed of analysis

Human brains are great for many things, especially ‘fuzzy’ processing like thinking, and interpreting inputs from complex senses such as sight and sound. What they aren’t so good at is number crunching, or making decisions based on large amounts of data that are coming in at the same time.

If you are a manual forex trader then you will probably limit yourself to trading one or two currencies simultaneously. Trading more than this can get confusing. For one thing keeping an eye on multiple charts can be difficult, and if significant events start happening with multiple currencies at the same time (as they often do) you may not be able to keep up.

An expert advisor has no such problems. It can handle trading simultaneously in 10 different currency pairs just as easily as it can handle trading with one currency pair. Computers are able to process information so fast that they have no trouble keeping up with what is going on with multiple price feeds.

If you have a strategy that is applicable to multiple currencies then an expert advisor could allow you to trade more currencies simultaneously than you are able to using manual methods. Alternatively it can watch multiple currencies and then pick the best one to trade in. Imagine how fried your mind would get if you were trading in a short time frame and trying to keep your eyes on 10 charts!


Coming up with a manual trading strategy may involve eyeballing many charts and evolving the parameters you use over time.

If you write an expert advisor then you can very quickly test your strategy over many years worth of data in just a few minutes. This will give you a much better idea of how well your strategy will perform than just eyeballing the charts.

Trying to gauge how well the strategy will work using your eyes and brain is very dangerous because of hindsight bias. You may be feeling optimistic about your strategy and without realising it your brain will focus on areas of the chart where your strategy would work and will filter out parts of the chart where you would make a loss.

An automated backtest will get you much more accurate and consistent information on the performance of your strategy.

And because you can quickly test your strategy over many years worth of data you can also re-test your strategy using different parameters. You may think your strategy works best using a 11 day moving average, but some simple testing could reveal that a 13 day moving average is in fact the most profitable.

Are automated expert advisor the answer?

Expert advisors sound great don’t they? For many strategies then can prove to be much better at trading than a real person would be. They aren’t perfect though.

In a future post I’ll be looking at the disadvantages of expert advisors, and I’ll also be writing further about other issues to do with expert advisor.

If you want to have a go writing your own expert advisor you can get a MetaTrader forex account for free.

Five tips for winning at forex trading

Thursday, December 17th, 2009

1. Exits are more important than entries

Forex traders often over think about when they should enter a trade. Huge amounts of time can be spent looking at indicators, reading news, and drawing lines on charts to try and figure out if now is the perfect time to open a trade.

Unfortunately for them they should be focusing some of that energy elsewhere.

It is true that a good entry into a trade is important. For example opening a new ‘long’ trade when the price has massively spiked is probably a bad thing, as the price will probably reverse just as quickly.

What is more important is when you exit the trade. It is at the time of exit that your trade becomes either profitable, non-profitable, or breaks even. It doesn’t matter if you were up 10% one hour ago. If you close the trade when you are down 2% then that is the final result. Being right about the price direction for the much of the trade duration gets you no profit if you closed the trade after a large reversal.

japanese currency yen

By all means spend time working out when to enter a trade – this is an important thing to do. But do also spend time thinking about when to exit. Don’t just exit in a panic. You should have a plan and then stick to it.

Which brings us onto…

2. Have your trade lifecycle planned out before you enter

Some people treat trading like a computer game, just clicking on the buy and sell buttons in the hope that they will make money. These people will probably find that their account balance goes down very quickly.

Blindly entering and exiting trades without having any real plan in place is only going to lead to one thing – a smaller bank account balance!

Before entering a trade you should know:

  1. Why you are opening this trade?
  2. How long you expect the trade to go on for?
  3. At what level would you either take profit or tighten your stops?
  4. At what price would you accept that your initial analysis was wrong and exit the trade?

Many traders find that small losses become large losses because they haven’t planned their trade in advance. They just entered the trade without thinking it through. The trade goes against them, and rather than exiting they stay in the trade hoping that it will turn around. Does this sound familiar?

If you are unable to trade in a disciplined way then you will consistently lose money to those traders who are able to trade with a disciplined methodology.

Trading with a disciplined methodology means trading with a plan. A plan means having answers to the four questions above – and then sticking to the plan!

The 4th question is about knowing when the trade has gone wrong so you can exit. The next tip covers an important aspect of planning your exit.

3. Have a stop loss in place in case it all goes wrong

As covered in my previous blog post about stop losses, a well thought out stop loss can be worth its weight in gold. It can stop you from losing large amounts of money, and enable you to ‘lock in’ your profit.

A stop loss should initially be the record of your trading plan’s worst-case exit price. Placing a physical stop loss is much better than using a ‘mental stop loss’ as the physical stop loss isn’t affected by your emotions.

As the trade progresses then you should tighten the stop loss according to your trading plan. What you should not do is decide to loosen your stop loss because you want to stay in the trade for longer.

Loosening a stop loss, or removing it altogether after it has been placed is a sign of not having control over your trading.

4. Monitor your trade appropriate to the timeframe

Unless your trade’s exit points are always determined by a stop loss and limit order that you placed your trade will require monitoring whilst it is in progress.

You should monitor your trade in a way that is appropriate to the timeframe in which you are trading.

If you are trading a small timeframe such as 1m, 2m, etc, then you obviously can’t afford to leave the screen or room for a few minutes as you might miss an important exit signal and end the trade in a loss. At very small timeframes even going to the toilet can cost you real money!

If trading longer timeframes such as 1h, 4h, 1 day, 1 week, etc, then you really shouldn’t be spending large amounts of time staring at the screen watching your trade. Doing this will turn you into a nervous wreck as the price continually moves up and down. Trading at a longer time frame should mean you don’t need to know about such micro-movements of the price.

5. Understand how much money is ‘on the table’

No matter what you are trading you should always have a thorough understanding of just how much money you have at risk.

Don’t just think about the potential profit. Think about the potential loss. Think about the worst case scenario. How much money could you lose? If you are not comfortable with the figure then you are trading with positions that are too large for you.

You should always be able to withstand all your positions going against you at the same time, no matter how unlikely it may seem. If you can handle it (note – just handle it – you don’t have to be happy about it!) then you are trading at an acceptable level.

Book review roundup – Forex, Turtles, LTCM, Stock market and Randomness

Wednesday, December 9th, 2009

I’ve been reading finance and trading books faster that I’ve been able to review them! Here is a roundup of the last five finance and trading related books that I’ve read.

Currency Trading for Dummies by Mark Galant and Brian Dolan

Mark Galan and Brian Dolan both work at which is one of the largest forex retail brokers in the world.

They’ve put their knowledge into this book, packaged in the familiar ‘dummies’ style.

Even though this is marketed as a ‘dummies’ book there is a surprisingly large amount of detail in the book which makes it worth reading even if you have been trading in forex for a while.

They explain the differences between the major currencies. They talk about how the world economies interact. They provide a good slice of standard trading advice (strategies, stops, trade size, etc). And they cover other topics such as technical analysis, trading from the news, and trading do’s and don’ts.

Way of the Turtle: The Secret Methods that Turned Ordinary People into Legendary Traders by Curtis Faith

Curtis Faith was one of the original ‘Turtles’. The turtles were ordinary people who were taught how to be professional traders by Richard Dennis as part of a bet as to whether successful traders are made or just born.

Curtis gives a brief account of how he was selected to be a turtle (which to me would seem to invalidate the idea of the bet – it they wanted to see if anyone could become a successful investor then shouldn’t they have randomly selected people?). And he gives a brief account of his time as a turtle trader.

Most of the book is however about writing and testing trading systems. He covers topics such as how to do a good backtest – important to make sure you don’t bias the results. And he talks about rules that a good trading system should use.

If you are interesting in writing trading systems then this book gives plenty to think about. A quick read and very interesting.

When Genius Failed: The Rise and Fall of Long Term Capital Management by Roger Lowenstein

When Genius Failed tells the story of the mighty rise, and then mighty fall of Long Term Capital Management.

This is the account of how ex-Salomon Brothers trader John Meriwether created LTCM and how it became one of the largest arbitrage hedge funds in the world in a few short years.

When Genius Failed continues parts of the events that were covered in the book Liar’s Poker by Michael Lewis – another recommended read.

John Meriwether managed to recruit some of his old team from Salomon Brothers and added two Nobel Prize winners – Robert Merton and Myron Scholes for good measure. To add further credibility to the fund he recruited David Mullins, the ex-Federal Reserve Vice-Chairman.

With his prestigious team in place he was able to obtain billions of dollars of capital, and get highly advantageous terms from the brokers and clients they dealt with.

They thought they were invincible, and for a time they produced amazing returns.

However things went wrong when they got too big and started diversifying into new areas. They were stung by the Asian currency crisis of 1997 and then in 1998 their downfall was cemented when Russia defaulted on its debt.

This is a fascinating read of how huge success can lead to spectacular failure. This book is a warning for anyone who takes on risk beyond his or her means.

How the Stock Market Works: A Beginner’s Guide to Investment by Michael Becket and Yvette Essen

How the Stock Market Works is a small book that does as its title suggests. It tells you in brief how the stock market works.

It tells you what shares are, how you research them, and how you can buy them.

It explains how you can read the financial pages in newspapers and how you can understand a company report. If you want quick descriptions of what all those financial rations mean then this could be the book for you.

It is not what I’d call a ‘fun or interesting’ read, however there is a lot of useful information in here.

This book is pitched towards people who are investing for the long term. It does not cover shorter term trading.

Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets by Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Fooled by Randomness is a fascinating book that explains how much our lives are affected by pure randomness.

There are a lot of examples of how this relates to the trading world (Nassim is an options trader), but there are plenty of non-trading examples as well.

Fooled by Randomness flits from one topic to another at speed and is one of those books that makes you think.

One of the most important messages that he tries to get across to traders is that just because you win many trades don’t assume you are a good trader. It could just be you are benefiting from random luck. Sample size is all important – winning trades over a number of months or even years may not be enough to tell you anything about your trading skills.

The author is clearly very intelligent and has put together a highly readable and interesting work, but sometimes he does come across as a bit arrogant – he could do with toning some of his personal insults down.

Nether the less – a fun read – and I’ve already got his follow up book The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable, on order.

Can trading forex make me rich?

Wednesday, December 2nd, 2009

Many people are attracted to the idea of trading in forex (or other financial instruments such as CFDs, shares, or spread betting) because they think it is an easy way to make money.

In theory it is very easy. All you have to do is to predict whether a price is going to go up or down. If you are right then you get make money. The degree to which you are right or wrong will determine how much money you make or lose.

pound sterling bank notes

It can seem all too easy when the papers or the TV news are running stories day after day about how a currency or a stock is going up or a currency or stock is going down. You may look at these stories and think that if only you had placed a bet a few days ago you’d be ‘in the money’.

Forex in particular seems to have a certain mystique about it. The major currencies are highly liquid, there is often a good amount of volatility, and the retail brokers will let you trade with large amounts of leverage.

It can also be enticing because rather than having to look at boring company reports and exotic financial ratios, you can read about how the economy is doing and make guesses on where economic policy is going to go.

So do people get rich from forex?

Of course they do. People can get rich from anything. People can get rich from winning the lottery or from betting on horse racing. That doesn’t however mean that *you* can get rich from doing these though.

Some people make a very good living from forex and win consistently week in, week out.

Some people trade forex for a few months and double or triple their money. Does this mean that they will become rich? Not necessarily. In fact if they are making money very quickly then it is extremely likely that they will lose it all even quicker.

Trying to become rich from doing a few trades in forex over a short period of time will not make you successful as pretty much the only way you can achieve very high percentage wins is by taking unmanageable risks. If you are taking unmanageable risks then the one thing which is almost certain is that you will get burnt – and probably badly. There is even a big chance that you will lose a lot more than you put in.

If you look at the forex bulletin boards then you can find many sorry accounts from people who make a large amount of money very quickly but then lost it all in a fraction of the time. Did they become rich? Even thought their account may for a few days have had $20,000 of winnings in it, they never got to enjoy the money as it was all lost too soon.

The odds are stacked against you from the start

Remember that as forex is a game of currency pairs, for one currency to go up, the opposing currency must go down. This means that where people are making money, others are losing money.

This is very different to trading in stocks and shares where it is possible for all the shares to go up in value at the same time if the economy is doing great, and for them all to go down at the same time if some major economic upset occurs.

Unfortunately the split of winners to losers is not an even 50:50. For starters for every trade that is made the broker is taking a small commission. This means that there is less money to win, than has been put into the ‘forex pot’.

On top of that professional forex traders, banks and other financial institutions will be taking an uneven percentage of the winnings.

This means that you as a beginner forex trader have the odds very much stacked against you.

As some people get rich from forex, can’t I?

I hope you can see that most people won’t be getting rich from forex. But some do – so could you be one of them?

Let’s think about this another way.

Private dentists can make lots of money. However it isn’t easy. You need to study for many years, practice all the various techniques, pass exams, and have the time and money to be able to go through all of this.

You can’t just become rich overnight by starting a dentist practice.

So why do you think it is any different for trading?

I think the reason for this perception is due to how easy it is to trade. No one (who is sane anyway) would think about having a go at doing a root canal procedure. Where would you even start! However anyone can make a trade on forex. You just have to open an account, press a few buttons, and you are making a trade!

The fact that it is easy to make a trade does not mean it is easy to consistently make winning trades every day, year after year.

To be a winning trader you will need to do large amounts of study, practice regularly, and have the right attributes to place and manage your forex trades.

In conclusion

Forex can indeed make you rich. It just probably won’t.